A legend says that the river Sana was named by the Romans.
These regions were under Ottoman dominion until 1878.
About 200 years ago in this part of Bosnia a large number of fortifications were constructed in order to protect often contested borders with Austria.
Later on, many fortifications were destroyed during the Austro-Ottoman War as the borders moved towards the east and south in favor of Austria.
In Ljubija near Prijedor, many Roman age monuments have been found that provide evidence of iron production.
Prijedor's history as a fortified centre of population can be traced back to the end of the 17th century, but the history of the colonization and culture of the surrounding area is much older, predating the emergence of the town.
The first mention of the town, which refers to it as “Palanka Praedor” in a Latin written report of an Austrian field marshal about burnt fortified settlements, occurs between 16.
The term “Palanka” indicates a wooden fortification built on an artificially created island on the river Sana.
Prijedor is situated in the Bosanska Krajina region.
Prijedor is the third largest municipality in the Republika Srpska entity, after Banja Luka and Bijeljina, and the seventh largest in Bosnia and Herzegovina.