During the 12th and 13th centuries, the khans arranged a significant number of dynastic marriages with the ruling families of Armenia, Bulgaria, Byzantium, Georgia, Lithuania and Russia, providing some interesting Mongol descents for later generations of western European rulers. The senior wife of Jochi was Bekutemish the daughter of Yakembo, brother of the Wang Khan of the Keraits..of three...sisters, the other two being Siurkukteni the wife of Tului, and Abika the wife of Jingis whom he afterwards married..a Urut prince who was acting as his bodyguard. He captured Merv and Nishapur, with his brother-in-law Toghutshar, during the campaign in the Hindu Kush. Khondemir records the abduction of Jenghizs wife who gave birth to un fils...Mongol influence in the Rus principalities persisted until well into the 15th century: Ivan III Grand Prince of Moscow was the first Russian ruler not to seek formal approval from the Mongols for his accession in 1462. He was destined to succeed his father in the western lands, collectively designated as the White Horde, which were divided between his sons on their grandfather's death in 1227. His personal patrimony after the death of his father in 1227 was the Mongol heartland around the Onon river. Djoudji a few days after she was returned to her husband, adding his father later granted him the government of Kharezm du Dechti-Kiptchak, des pays des Alains, des As, des Russes, des Bulgares.Central Asia was inherited by his second son Chagatai (Chapter 3), while the Mongol heartland was bequeathed to Tolui, his fourth son, from whom the Yan dynasty of China (Chapter 5A) and the Il-Khan dynasty of Persia (Chapter 5B) descended.From the point of view of western Europe, the most significant bequest was the right to conquer the western lands, known collectively as the "White Horde", which was granted to the sons of his deceased oldest son Jochi (Chapter 2).He succeeded in 1256 as ULAQCHI Khan of the Golden Horde.Abul-Ghazi Bahadur records that Olaqitch frre cadet de Sartaq was nominated to succeed by Mangou-Qaan after the death of Sartaq-Oghlan but died soon after, daughter of BUQA TIMUR of the Oyirat.The Mongols withdrew from Hungary in 1242 after learning of the death of Great Khan Ogodai at Karakoram, in order to attend the quriltai to select his successor.Further conquest of Europe ceased, and Batu built his capital city Sarai on the lower Volga after establishing his Khanate of Kipchak (or Khanate of the Golden Horde) in the steppe north of the Black and Caspian Seas.
However, until the time of Jenghiz Khan, who was acclaimed as Great Khan in 1207, the various political formations and confederations put together by the Mongol tribes were ephemeral, quickly organised and quickly dissolved.The right to the eastern part of these territories, covering western Siberia and Kazakhstan, was left to the older grandson Orda. Qatchoun, le quatrime Timouk et le cinquime Bilgoutai Outdjiguine as the sons of Yessouki-Bhadour.From these lands, the khanates of Turan, Khorezme, Samarkand, Siberia and Bukhara eventually evolved. He fought against the Merkit Turks of Lake Baikal, with the help of Toghrul Khan of the Keraits.Descendants of younger sons have been omitted where nothing is known about the individuals apart from their names. He allied himself with Emperor Michael VIII, whose illegitimate daughter he married.Clearly much work remains to clarify the Mongol genealogy further, and what is shown in the present document should not be viewed as definitive. He severely plundered Bulgaria in 1271, in response to a request from the emperor who was seeking to exact revenge on Konstantin Tih Tsar of Bulgaria who had raided Thrace, illegitimate daughter of Emperor MIKHAEL VIII & his mistress ---.