Jonas Short Mound, a Middle Woodland burial mound located on the Angelina River under what is today Sam Rayburn Reservoir in San Augustine County, Texas. the use of pottery spread across the Eastern Woodlands followed by (and sometimes accompanied by) increasingly settled village life, the building of burial mounds, the establishment of extensive long-distance trade networks (or the expansion of existing ones), the development of elaborate ritual practices, the domestication and cultivation of native plants with starchy and oily seeds, and the rise of societies led by hereditary leaders. Because the timing and nature of these Woodland developments varied considerably across the Southeast, it is difficult to make accurate generalizations.
The mound was 29 meters (94 feet) in diameter and 2.4 meters high (almost 8 feet) and was built over the cremated remains of at least two individuals placed into a shallow pit. As is the case with the Archaic, the Woodland concept began as a developmental stage and is used as a major time period dated somewhat differently from region to region. These Woodland period developments span two millennia from about 1000 B. Here we will stick primarily to what is known about the Caddo area and the adjacent lower Mississippi Valley. Explaining or even briefly reviewing Woodland developments as they relate to the ancestors of the Caddo is a challenge.
C.), Poverty Point culture flourished in the same area.
While these early cultures have no known parallel in the Caddo Homeland, they set the stage for a succession of Woodland cultures in the LMV that interacted with Caddo ancestors for over a thousand years.
In this photo archeologists are just beginning work (an old looter's trench is visible near the center of the mound). Woodland period cultural developments help us understand the crystallization of the Caddo culture tradition around A. Occupying the southwestern edge of the Eastern Woodlands, the Caddo Homeland was a cultural frontier of sorts that lay beyond (west of) the areas where most of the early and middle Woodland developments took place. 800 or shortly thereafter, a seemingly precocious Early Caddo culture emerged with many of the elements considered characteristic of the Mississippian period after A. We do not have enough solid data to explain what happened century by century or even subperiod by subperiod because somewhat different things happened at different times in different areas.
1000 and, as discussed in the previous section, can be traced back to patterns that began in the Archaic period.
Two of the most famous American archeologists, James Ford and Gordon Willey, excavated a series of mound sites in the LMV in the late 1930s and early 1940s and triggered a decades-long debate concerning the origin and evolution of the mound-building cultures of the region.For instance, have you noticed how Muslim women tend to wear similar clothing?Even though the hijab is mandated by the Quran, it’s surprising to see that so many Muslim women voluntarily choose to cover their hair.Yes, in some countries wearing the hijab is mandatory. Another example of almost universal Muslim culture is that most Muslim men wear beards.Now, if you live in the west (or Egypt) you probably won’t see this as often.