The original site was located on the south bank of the Park River in the present-day Sheldon/Charter Oak neighborhood.This fort was called Fort Hoop or the "House of Hope." In 1633, Jacob Van Curler formally bought the land around Fort Hoop from the Pequot chief for a small sum.The Dutch outpost and the tiny contingent of Dutch soldiers who were stationed there did little to check the English migration, and the Dutch soon realized that they were vastly outnumbered.The House of Hope remained an outpost, but it was steadily swallowed up by waves of English settlers.On December 15, 1814, delegates from the five New England states (Maine was still part of Massachusetts at that time) gathered at the Hartford Convention to discuss New England's possible secession from the United States.During the early 19th century, the Hartford area was a center of abolitionist activity, and the most famous abolitionist family was the Beechers.The city was founded in 1635 and is among the oldest cities in the United States.
The fort was abandoned by 1654, but the area is known today as Dutch Point; the name of the Dutch fort "House of Hope" is reflected in the name of Huyshope Avenue.This type of event caught on and eventually became a staple of mid-to-late 19th-century campaigning.Industrialist and inventor Samuel Colt and his wife Elizabeth had a great influence on Hartford's development in the 100 years after independence. patent for a revolver mechanism which enabled a gun to be fired multiple times without reloading. government ordered 1,000 Colt revolvers in 1846, with the Mexican–American War under way.It also is home to Trinity College, a private liberal arts college, and the Mark Twain House where the author wrote his most famous works and raised his family, among other historically significant attractions.Twain wrote in 1868, "Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see this is the chief." Today, Hartford is one of the poorest cities in the nation, with 3 out of every 10 families living below the poverty line.